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What is PostgreSQL?

PostgreSQL is an enterprise-grade open-source software for managing databases. It can be used with SQL as well as JSON for non-relational and relational queries to allow for extensibility as well as SQL compliance. PostgreSQL provides the most advanced types of data and features for optimizing performance that are available only in high-end commercial databases such as Oracle or SQL Server. It’s also known as Postgres.

It is supported by a highly experienced group that has made huge contributions to create highly solid DBMS system.

The story of PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL (initially known as Postgres) was developed by a professor of computer science Michael Stonebraker and his team. In the present, it is one of the most well-known open-source databases.

Here is a brief overview of PostgreSQL:

The INGRES concept was first developed in 1977.
Michael Stonebraker and his colleagues created Postgres-86.
Real-time support for ACID and PL/pgSQL since 1990.
The Postgres95 version was released in the year 1995.
The Postgres95 Re-released Postgres95 with the name PostgreSQL 6.0 (1996)
MVCC, GUC, Join syntax Controls and Procedural Language Loader added- 1998-2001
Version 7.2 to 8.2: Included features include Schema support, nonblocking VACUUM, Roles and dblink 2002-2006
PostgreSQL 8.4 was released in 2009.
PostgreSQL 9.0 launched in 2010
NYCPUG (New York City PostgreSQL User Group) joins PgUS (United States PostgreSQL association)from 2013
PGconf organized-2014

The features of PostgreSQL GUI

Here are the main attributes of PostgreSQL:

Developers can build applications.
It allows administrators to create a an environment that is fault-tolerant by securing integrity of data.
Compatible with different platforms that support the most popular Middleware and languages.
It comes with the most sophisticated locking mechanism.
The support is for multiple-version concurrency controls.
Functions of Mature Server Side Programming.
Conforms to The ANSI SQL standard.
Complete support for the Client-Server network architecture.
Replication SSL that is trigger-based or log-based.
Server standby and high availability.
Object-oriented and ANSI SQL2008 compatible.
Support for JSON allows linking to other data stores, such as NoSQL that act as a hub that federates polyglot databases.

Benefits of PostgreSQL

Here are the major benefits and advantages of PostgreSQL:

PostgreSQL is able to run dynamic websites and web applications as an LAMP stack option.
The write-ahead feature of PostgreSQL is a robust and fault-tolerant database.
PostgreSQL Source code for PostgreSQL is made accessible through an open source licence. This gives you the liberty to modify, use and apply it according to your needs in business.
PostgreSQL supports geographical objects, so it can be used for geographical information and services that are based on location. systems.
PostgreSQL can support geographic objects, so it is able to be utilized as a geospatial information storage system for services that are based on location and geographical information systems.
For those who want to learn about Postgres, they don’t require much instruction as it is simple to make use of.
Administration and maintenance are low-maintenance for embedded and enterprise-wide use of PostgreSQL.

Advantages and disadvantages of PostgreSQL

Below are the disadvantages/limitations of PostgreSQL:

Postgres isn’t owned by a single organization. Therefore, it has struggled to get its name known despite its full-featured and comparable with other DBMS systems.
Improvements in speed will require more effort than MySQL because PostgreSQL concentrates on compatibility
Many open-source apps are compatible with MySQL however, they may not be able to support PostgreSQL
Based on performance measures, it’s more slow than MySQL.

Applications of PostgreSQL

The following are the most popular applications made by PostgreSQL:

Financial Industry

PostgreSQL is a great DBMS system for the financial sector. Additionally, it is ACID compatible, which makes it a perfect option to use for OLTP (Online Transaction Processing). It also has the capability of doing analytics on databases. It is able to be coupled with mathematical software such as Matlab as well as R.

GIS data of the government

PostgreSQL is a an extremely powerful GIS that is known as “PostGIS”. This extension comes with hundreds of functions that process geometric data in a variety of formats. PostGIS is extremely standard-compliant. Additionally, by using QGIS as well as GeoServer and GeoServer, the Open Source community provides the most effective method of handling Geodata.


These days, industrial firms are use PostgreSQL to improve their entire business process. It helps them enhance the performance of supply chains with an open source DBMS as a storage backend. It helps companies reduce the operational cost of their businesses.

Internet technology as well as NoSQL

If your website needs to manage hundreds or even thousands of requests per second scaling is definitely a important problem. This is where Postgre is the most effective solution.

PostgreSQL is compatible with the most modern web frameworks such as Django, Node.js,

Hibernate, PHP, etc. It also has the ability to increase the number of databases as you like.
Data from science

There are Terabytes of data when you’re working on a research or a scientific project. It is therefore essential to manage the data as efficiently as efficiently as is possible. To do this, PostgreSQL offers wonderful analytical capabilities and a robust SQL engine. This lets you manage large amounts of data easily.


A brief introduction of PostgreSQL: PostgreSQL is an enterprise-class open-source database management system.
PostgreSQL (initially named Postgres) was developed by an instructor in computer science Michael Stonebraker and his team
One of the main advantages of PostgreSQL is its compatibility with various platforms and all major languages as well as middleware.
POSTGRES Server is free and open-source software, which means that you won’t have to pay to use this service.
A key PostgreSQL features is that it can run dynamic websites and web applications as an alternative in it’s LAMP stack.
It is compatible with JSON data.
Postgres is not controlled by any one company. It has therefore struggled to get its name noticed despite its full-featured and comparable with other DBMS systems.
PostgreSQL is widely utilized for the Financial Industry, Government GIS data, Manufacturing, Web technology and NoSQL and also for Scientific Data gathering.